Allan Robinson


Today we look at the ability of small-capitalization companies (excluding resources) to generate profits based on their return on capital. We will use a specialized Return on Capital Report managed by Matt Kacur, the president of FSA Financial Science & Art Ltd. of Toronto, which developed and licenses the software.


Most investors look at a company's earnings to see how profitable it is. But earnings per share can be distorted by items such as amortization and depreciation. Some investors would rather look at calculations such as return on capital, which measures how well a company generates cash flow relative to the capital it has invested in the business.

The ROC Report analyzes about 180 companies and ranks them according to their cash flow internal rate of return. What makes this report different is that it adds back accumulated depreciation to net fixed assets to get gross fixed assets, which is the original amount of the investment. From this, a cash flow internal rate of return (a cash-on-cash return on capital) is derived. Most return on capital calculations are based on shareholders' equity and debt.

The final analysis produces a quarter-by-quarter screen that sizes up a company's ability to generate a return on invested capital, or what can be described as the true economics of a business.

The report is done in conjunction with Haywood Securities analysts, who provide the analytic or subjective assessments of companies in the screen to adjust for discrepancies between the model's valuation and the current stock prices.


The report generates two portfolios, one large-cap (published Tuesday) and the other a small-cap portfolio. Each portfolio is a list of 20 to 30 companies. The small capitalization companies are less than $1-billion.

On a year-to-date basis, the ROC small- and mid-cap portfolio generated a rate of return of 68.1 per cent, handily beating the S&P Canadian small-cap index's return of 47.1 per cent, Haywood Securities said.

Since its inception in February, 2003, the ROC small-cap portfolio has made an average annual return of 21.8 per cent, compared with a 3-per-cent return for the S&P Canadian small-cap index.


In the table today, we look at some of the most undervalued small-cap companies, according to Haywood Securities. The average downside risk is 19 per cent, while the base-case potential upside is about 30 per cent and significantly higher in the best-case scenario, according to the model.

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